Let’s Talk: What is CBD

November 01, 2019

Chances are you have heard of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) – the main active ingredient in marijuana that’s responsible for the “high” many users report experiencing. But, are you familiar with CBD – the other primary component in marijuana?

CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is derived from the same plant as marijuana – the Cannabis sativa plant. Marijuana (also called cannabis) contains both CBD and THC, along with roughly 400 other chemicals. While THC has psychoactive effects, CBD typically doesn’t produce a “high” feeling.

While recreational marijuana continues to be illegal on the federal level as well as in Minnesota and most states, CBD products containing less than 0.3% THC are no longer illegal due to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. However, CBD products are still subject to the same laws and requirements as FDA-regulated products that contain any other substance. This means that CBD products have not been proven to be safe and effective for the treatment of medical conditions with the exception of Epidiolex (a purified form of CBD that the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) approved for use in the treatment of certain seizure disorders). Furthermore, because CBD products are not regulated by the FDA, these products, when tested, have been found (1) to have amounts of THC greater than 0.3%, (2) not contain the levels of CBD they claimed to contain, and (3) even contain certain contaminants (i.e. pesticides, heavy metals).

There is certainly public interest in CBD and its potential medicinal qualities, however, there are many unanswered questions about the science, safety, and quality of products containing CBD.

Please consult the following resources for more information:
FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
What You Need to Know about Products Containing … CBD