Gifted Services Glossary

Glossary / Definitions

Academic Acceleration:
an educational intervention that moves students through an educational program at a faster than usual rate or younger than typical age. Academic acceleration is supported in research as one of the most effective interventions for highly capable students.

Advanced Placement (AP) Courses:
A program of college-level courses offered at the high school that provides exceptionally motivated students the opportunity to earn high school and college credit. Curriculum and expectations for AP courses are at the college level.

Advanced Placement Vertical articulation:
sequencing key academic concepts and skills at each grade level to build on learning experiences in preparation for student success in advanced programs of study such as Advanced Placement (AP) courses.

Cluster Grouping:
the practice of identifying top academically talented students at a grade level and placing them in the same classroom at that grade level.

College in the Schools (CIS):
delivers regular University of Minnesota courses to high-achieving high school students in the own schools.

Differentiated instruction:
changing the pace, level or kind of instruction in response to learners’ needs, styles, or interests. Teachers design activities that support students’ learning preferences and strengths while presenting tasks that encourage growth in areas of weakness.

populations made up of group members who differ on a variety of characteristics, such as race, culture, socio-economic status, and language.

G/T Learning Teams:
comprised of staff members who are focused on curriculum and specific needs of gifted and talented learners. Through research and discussion in their professional learning teams they have developed modifications and adaptations that can be incorporated into classroom lessons and activities for their gifted students.

Gifted and Talented Magnet School:
school or school within a school that is specifically designed to serve students who need full day gifted and talented programming customized to facilitate achievement at their ability level.

Gifted creative and critical thinking:
students who are highly insightful, imaginative, and innovative; who consistently assimilate and synthesize seemingly unrelated information to create new and novel solutions for conventional tasks; and who can interpret, analyze and evaluate information.

Gifted general intellectual ability:
students who demonstrate a high aptitude for abstract reasoning and conceptualization, who master skills and concepts quickly, and/or exhibit advanced critical thinking capability.

Gifted leadership ability:
students who emerge as leaders, and who demonstrate high ability to accomplish group goals by working with and through others.

Gifted specific academic aptitude:
students who evidence extraordinary learning ability in one or more specific disciplines.

Gifted visual and performing arts:
children who are consistently superior in the development of a product or performance in any of the visual and performing arts.

Guidance Efforts:
provide gifted students with consistent communications from trained staff. Guidance is important for gifted and talented students to meet both their affective and academic needs.

a data gathering process designed to answer questions and make decisions about students’ academic ability, characteristics and behavior in order to plan appropriate curricular modifications for the students.

Independent Study:
Students pair with a teacher to do independent projects based on areas of interest with option for credit.

Mentorship Honors Connection (Mentor Program):
Students identify a subject area and after in-depth individual preparation, are placed with mentors in relevant business, academic or artistic settings.

Merit Scholar Program:
Merit Projects are individual or small group projects designed to motivate and challenge students.

Online Courses:
Advanced Placement online, enrichment, a way to earn credits to graduate early.

Post Secondary Enrollment Options (PSEO):
Qualified juniors and seniors may attend eligible Minnesota post-secondary institutions. Credits earned will be applied toward high school graduation requirements and may be accepted as college credits by post-secondary institutions. See Stillwater Area High School Registration Guide for more information.

a curriculum that includes services and/or activities geared toward achieving a specific goal for program participants.

Psychomotor Ability:
involves kinesthetic motor abilities such as practical, spatial, mechanical, and physical skills.

resources and activities provided in an effort to benefit students and their learning.

Specialized Schools:
Schools with a specific focus such as: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM); Humanities, World Languages and Fine Arts.

The University of Minnesota Talented Youth Mathematics Program is a highly selective and competitive program at the University of Minnesota that accelerates students through mathematics.